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NOVITATES ZOOLOGICAL.

Vor. III., 1896.

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NOVITATES ZOOLOGICAE.

A Journal of Zoology

IN CONNECTION WITH THE TRING MUSEUM.

EDITED BY Tug Hon. WALTER ROTHSCHILD,

ERNST HARTERT, aw» Dr. K. JORDAN.

Vor. IIL, 1896.

Ee o ibe TERRA LU OHNE

Issurp AT THE ZooLoGIcAL Museum, TRING.

PRINTED BY HAZELL, WATSON, & VINEY, LD., LONDON AND AYLESBURY,

1896,

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CONTENTS OF VOLUME III.

GENERAL SUBJECTS.

PAGE

1. On Mechanical Selection and Other Problems (Plates XVI.—XIX.) KARL JORDAN . 426 426

Part I. ES M Notes . Part II. —The Variation of the Genital Armature a Certain Papilios . 458

Part III.— Conclusions 497 2. Index to Volume III. . : ; A : ; 605 (See also pp. 182, 577—579, 591, and 599.) MAMMALIA. 1. On Mammals Collected by Mr. Albert Meek on Woodlark Island, and on Kiriwina in the Trobriand Group. OLDFIELD THOMAS 526 . (See also pp. 150, 578, and 593.) AVES. l. Contributions to the Ornithology of the Papuan Islands. Warrer ROTHSCHILD and Ernst HARTERT. No. I.—List of Three Small Collections from British New Guinea MR

(PlateL) . é 5 5 : : . : ö 2 : 8 No. II. Notes on Two More Specimens of Astrapia splendidissima No. III.—On the Forms of Macropterya mystacea No. IV.—List of a Collection made by Albert S. Meek on Fergusson, Trobriand, Egum, and Woodlark Islands . : : à - 233 No. V.—On Some Species in a Small Collection made on the Owen

Stanley Mountains in January 1896 : 252

No. VI.—On Some Skins Collected on Mount Victoria, Owen Stanley Mountains , , - . R 530

No. VII.—List of a Collection made in the Aru Islands ] by Captain 534

Cayley Webster

2 ma

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PAGE

. Preliminary Descriptions of Some New Birds from the Mountains of Southern

Celebes. Ernst HARTERT . F : F à 5 ; A . 69

. On the Extinct Birds of the Chatham onde C. W. ANDREWS.

Part I.—The Osteology of Diaphorapteryx hawkinsi (Plate III.) . T3 Part 11. —The Osteology of Palaeolimnas chathamensis and Nesolimnas

dieffenbachii (Plates IX., X.) : ; : : $ . 260

. On Ornithological Collections made by Mr. Alfred Everett in Celebes and on the Islands South of it. Ernst HARTERT . : ; : : : : . 148 Part I.—On the Birds from South Celebes . i : ö 5 . 149 Part II.—The Birds of Saleyer, Djampea, and Kalao . . : . 165 . A New Form of Swift from Madagascar. Ernst HARTERT. ; : : . 231 . Description of a New Finch from the West Indies. Ernst HARTERT . : . 257 . Description of a New Cyanops from North Cachar. E. C. Stuart BAKER . . 257 . Description d'une Nouvelle Espèce de la Famille des Trochilidae. E. Sımox . . 259

An Account of the Collections of Birds made by Mr. William Doherty in the Eastern Archipelago (Plates XI., XII.) Emxsr HARTERT.

Part I.—Introduction 537 Part II.—On Birds from East as 5 . r : . 537 Part III.—The Birds of Bali f : : : : E : . 542 Part IV.—The Birds of Lombok . : : ; à 5 di) Part V.—The Birds of Sambawa . : 5 é i ; . 565 Part VI.—The Birds of Satonda . : : : ; : : . 914 Part V1J.—The Birds of Sumba . 5 : 516 10, List of a Collection of Birds made in Lombok by Mr. Alfred Everett: Ernst HARTERT. (With Notes on Lombok by A. EvERETT.) . . 591 (See also Plate TI., Uratelornis chimaera Rothsch., description of which appeared in Vol. IT., p. 479.) REPTILIA. 1. Further Notes on Gigantic Land Tortoises. WALTER ROTHSCHILD . : . 85 2. Description of a New Toad from New Guinea (Plate VIII.). ALBERT Güxraer . 184 3. Testudo ephippium (Plates XX.— XXII.) ALBERT GÜNTHER . : $ . 329 COLEOPTERA. 1. Descriptions de Nouvelles Espèces de Lampyrides du Musée de Tring. Ernest OLIVIER : : - 1 2. Lampyrides capturés au N, par M. iB Dr. Bohs. er OLIVIER . : 4 3. On a New Species of Ateuchus (Actinophorus) from Australia, Jonn W. Suipp . 72 4. Die Passaliden dichotomisch bearbeitet. A. Kuwerr. Part I.—Die Gruppen und Gattungen (Plates V., VI., VIT.). : . 209 5. On a New Species of Actinophorus from Madagascar. Jon W. Supp : . 420 LEPIDOPTERA. l. Notes on Heterocera, with Descriptions of New Genera and Species. WALTER Rornsemmp and Kart JORDAN . . . MEME Sm

. Further Notes on my Revision of the Papilios of the Eastern Hemisphere, exclusive

of Africa, Watrer ROTHSCHILD P ; A à fi à A 19963

or om Co

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. New Lepidoptera. WALTER ROTHSCHILD . New Geometridae in the Tring Museum, WB. WARREN - 5 . Notes on Heterocera, with Descriptions of New Genera and Species (Plate luv

WALTER ROTHSCHILD and KARL JORDAN

. Some Undescribed Lepidoptera. WALTER ROTHSCHILD

. New Species of Drepanulidae, Uraniidae, Epiplemidue, and Geometridae from

the Papuan Region (Albert S. Meek Coll.). W. WArkrFN

. New Indian Zpiplemidae and Geometridae. W. WARREN . New Lepidoptera. WALTER ROTHSCHILD : i : : . . New Species of Drepanulidae, Thyrididae, U mantidas, Epiplemidae, P Geometridae

in the Tring Museum. W. WARREN

1. On Some New Subspecies of Papilio. WALTER ROTHSCHILD : : ; 2. Descriptions of Some New Species of Lepidoptera, with Remarks on Some Previously

Described Forms (Plates XTII.—XV.). WALTER ROTHSCHILD (See also pp: 458—525.)

NOMME ZOOLOGICA H.

No. 1.

Vol. III. MARCH, 1896.

DESCRIPTIONS DE NOUVELLES ESPECES DE LAM- PYRIDES DU MUSEE DE TRING.

Par ERNEST OLIVIER,

Membre des Sociétés Entomologiques de France, de Londres, ete.”

1. Lucidota disjuncta sp. nov.

d. Oblongo-ovalis, picea; antennarum 2-9 articulis hirsutis, longe slabellatis, tribus primis et ultimo albidis, alteris fuscis; prothorace subogivali, villoso, albido, disco piceo, angulis posticis vectis; sculello brunneo; elytris fuscis vitta lata submarginali albida; mandibulis, palpis, pedibusque albis; ultimo ventrali segmento albescente, pygidio bipartito.

Long. 6 mm.; lat. hum. 3 mm.

Hab. Rio de Janeiro.

Cette petite espèce est remarquable par les articles 2-9 de ses antennes munis au cóté interne d'un long rameau hérissé, ainsi que les articles eux-mémes, de longs poils gris, et par son pygidium profondément divisé en deux lobes triangulaires à sommet trés aigu.

Je ne connais pas la ?.

2. Lucidota tenuis sp. nov.

Oblongo-ovalis, fusca; antennis compressis, nigris, ultimo articulo albido; prothorace ogivali, albido, macula discoidali brunnea, basi recte truncato, angulis rectis; elytris pubescentibus, nigris, vitta lata submarginali albida; pedibus infuscatis; pygidio subquadrato, postice leviter emarginato.

Long. 5 mm.; lat. 3 mm. :

Hab. Para (Mus. Tring); Fonteboa (ma collect.).

Cette espèce est la plus petite connue du genre.

3. Cratomorphus elevatus sp. nov.

d. Breviter oblongus, piceus; capile nigro; prothorace pallide flavo, macula basali obscura, medio longitudinaliter carinato; scutello triangulari flavescente ; elytris piceis, pallide marginatis, tricostatis; ventri pubescente, nitido, nigro, quinto et sexto segmentis plaga cerea ornatis, ultimo triangulariter producto, punctis duobus basalibus flavidis notato; pygidio ogivali.

* Voir un premier mémoire, Vol. II., 1895, p. 29.

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9 ignota.

Long. 15 mm.; lat. 65 mm.

Hab. Mexico.

Cette espèce est à peu-près de la taille du picipennis Gorh. Elle en diffère bien nettement par les caracteres suivants: sa téte est noire; son prothorax offre à la base une tache quadrangulaire obscure ; ses élytres sont bordées de testacé pâle largement au bord externe, étroitement sur la suture, et sont, en outre, chargées de trois côtes longitudinales bien saillantes qui ne se prolongent pas jusqu'à l'angle apical, la médiane étant la plus longue et l'interne la plus courte; le sommet de ces côtes très tranchants est de couleur brun testacé,

Le C. elevatus se place dans la quatrième section du genre, section qui comprend les espèces dont le dernier segment ventral, chez le mâle, est rétréci prés du sommet en une pointe conique obtuse.* Le tableau de cette section devra donc étre ainsi complété :—

Pygidium légèrement bisinué: C. distinctus Ern. Oliv. et C. ovatus Gorh.

Pygidium trilobé : C. concolor Perty et C. parmatus Gorh.

Pygidium en ogive: C. elevatus Ern. Oliv.

4. Luciola ambita sp. nov.

Oblonga, pubescens; capite nigro; antennis, tibiis, tarsisque piceis ; prothorace rufo, transverso, convexo, punctulato, in medio longitudinaliter sulcato, antice valde attenuato, lateribus arcuatis, basi recte truncato, angulis valde retro productis ; sculello triangulari, nigro, rufo limbato; elytris prothorace haud latioribus, leviter ampliatis, dense, profunde et seriatim punctatis, nigris, rufo cirewmdatis; pectore, femoribusque rufescentibus; abdomine piceo, duobus ultimis segmentis cereis.

Long. 11 mm: ; lat. 5 mm.

Hab. Java, Sukabumi. Cette espèce se rapproche de L. circumdata Motsch.; mais elle en diffère

essentiellement par sa forme plus allongée, sa forte pubescence fauve, ses élytres sans côtes saillantes, son écusson en triangle aigu, noir avec une bordure d'un

rouge flave, etc.

5. Luciola humilis sp. nov.

Angusta, nigra, pubescens; prothorace rufo, subquadrato, in medio antico anguloso, basi recte truncato, angulis vectis, haud prominulis; scutello triangulari, rufo; elytris prothorace parum latioribus, parallelis, rugosis, costulatis: coxis et duobus ultimis ventris segmentis cereis, ultimo hamulato apice

femorum basi rufis ; nigro.

Long. 7 mm. ; lat. 3 mm.

Hab. Cairns, North Queensland.

Cette petite espèce est voisine des L. pupilla Ern. Oliv. et microthorax Ern. Oliv.: elle en diffère par la coloration du ventre, qui n'offre que deux segments blancs, au lieu de trois, et surtout par la forme tout autre du dernier segment; elle s'écarte, en outre de L. microthorax, par son prothorax plus élargi et la couleur rousse de son écusson,

* Voir mon Essai de Classification du genre Cratomorphus” in Soc, Ent, France, 1895 p. exlv

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6. Luciola praestans sp. nov.

Oblonga, rufa, pubescens ; capite antennisque nigris; prothorace rufo, attenuato, in medio canaliculato, margine antico rotundato, basi recte truncato, angulis obtusis prominulis; scutello rufo triangulari, apice obtuso; elytris prothorace haud latioribus, elongatis, parallelis, punctulatis, costulatis, nigris, sutura tenuiter rufa ; tarsis, tibiis, femorumque dimidia parte piceis; ventris segmentis piceis, rufo limbatis, tribus ultimis cereis, ultimo triangulari, apice inciso.

Long. 15 mm. ; lat. 5 mm.

Hab. Stanley Pool, Congo.

Cette belle espèce se place près de l’insignis Ern. Oliv., dont elle se reconnait aisément à la couleur noire de la téte et du bord marginal des ¢lytres, à son dessous rembruni, ete.

Cette description est faite sur la ? ; le d m'est inconnu.

7. Photuris telephorina Perty ab. mixta ab. nov.

Elytres flaves: une large tache noire couvre toute la base, sauf la cóte suturale, qui reste flave ; au deuxième tiers de la longueur, une bande oblique noire se joint à la suture sans atteindre le bord externe et se prolonge en une fine bordure tout autour de l'angle apical.

Hab. Petropolis, une $.

Je crois devoir signaler cette nouvelle modification bien caractérisée de cette espèce si variable,

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LAMPYRIDES CAPTURES AU PARAGUAY PAR M. LE DR. BOHLS.

Determines ET Décrits par M. ERNEST OLIVIER,

Membre des Sociétés Entomologiques de France, de Londres, etc.

1. Lucio splendens Ern. Oliv.

Ern. Oliv., Soc. Ent. Fr. 1885, p. 129, pl. 3, fig. 1 d.

2 2. La coloration du corps est la méme que chez le d : les articles des antennes sont appendieulés seulement d'un seul cóté; le dernier segment ventral est court, triangulaire, incisé au sommet.

2. Lamprocera extincta sp. nov.

d. Omnino nigra; prothorace antice maculis duabus rufis ornato et tenwissime rufo limbato ; tribus ultimis ventris segmentis in medio puncto fulvo notatis.

Long. 20 mm.; lat. hum. 9 mm.

Entièrement noir à l'exception de deux taches triangulaires rousses attenant au bord antérieur du prothorax, d'une fine bordure rousse aux cótés de ce prothorax et d'un petit point fauve au milieu de chacun des trois derniers segments du ventre.

3. Ledocas xanthomus Ern. Oliv.

Ern. Oliv., Soc. Ent. Fr. 1894, p. 23. d. Les taches flave-orangé de la base des élytres sont confluentes; la suture est semblablement colorée sur une très petite longueur à partir du sommet de l’écusson.

4. Dodacles nigricollis Gorh.

Cladodes nigricollis Gorh., Ent. Soc. Lond. 1880, p. 8. Dodacles nigricollis Ern. Oliv., Soc. Ent. Fr. 1885, p. 141, pl. 3, fig. 6.

d. Les deux points lumineux placés à chaque côté du dernier segment ventral sont bien accentués sur un exemplaire.

5. Dodacles erebeus sp. nov.

d. Ater, opacus, ultimo ventrali segmento punctis duobus albidis notato.

Long. 12—16 mm.; lat. 6—7:9 mm.

Cette espèce est aussi obscure que Ledocas carbonarius Ern. Oliv. Elle s'en éloigne par la forme du prothorax et des élytres, ainsi que par la sculpture de ces dernieres.

6. Lucidota thoracica Oliv.

Lampyris thoracica Oliv. Ent. II. No. 28, p. 27, pl. 3, fig. 29.

Lampyris vitellinithorax Perty, Del. an. art. p. 27, t. 6, fig. 6.

Lucidota rubricollis Gorh., Ent. Soc. Lond. 1880, p. 19.

D'un noir brillant à l'exception des parties de la bouche, de la base des antennes, des jambes antérieures, qui sont plus ou moins jaunátres, et du prothorax, qui est

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d'un beau rouge brillant. La femelle est un peu plus grosse et les articles de ses antennes sont moins longuement appendiculés. Le mile a le dernier segment ventral en carré transversal avec une petite pointe triangulaire dans le milieu de son bord postérieur: de chaque côté, on remarque une tache jaunâtre qui a du être le siège de l'appareil lumineux pendant la vie de l'insecte, Le dernier segment ventral de la femelle est triangulaire, largement échancré au sommet, jaunátre à la base,

Je possède le type du Lampyris thoracica étiqueté de la main d'Olivier, et j'ai vu au Musée de Bruxelles le Lucidota rubricollis de Gorham. Je suis done certain de la synonymie que je donne.

Cette espèce a un habitat étendu. On la trouve à la Plata et au Brésil, et elle remonte au Nord dans l'Amérique centrale jusqu'au Mexique.

Lucidota bella Gorh. en diffère par son écusson fauve, par ses élytres chargées de côtes beaucoup plus saillantes, et par sa forme un peu plus allongée.

7. Lucidota cucullata sp. nov.

d. Nigra, nitida; ore et duobus primis antennarum articulis piceis ; antennis compressis; prothorace ogivali, apice erecto, lateribus rugose pun etatis, luteis, macula discoidali nigra, angulis posticis leviter vetro productis; scutello triangulari ; elytris elongatis, parallelis, crebre punctatis, nigris, margine externo tenuiter luteo limbato; comis piceis, pedibus nigris; ultimo ventrali segmento duobus punctis lucidis ornato.

Long. 6 mm.

Var. Un exemplaire de ma collection, provenant du Pérou, a la suture très

étroitement fauve sur une petite étendue au milieu de sa longueur.

8. Lucidota audax sp. nov.

d. Omnino nigra, mandibulis piceis et disco prothoracis miniato, exceptis ; antennis compressis; prothorace rotundato, basi recte truncato, angulis obtusis ; ultimo ventrali segmento in medio leviter producto, utrinque puncto lucido ornato.

Long. 5 mm.

9. Lucidota tardita sp. nov.

3. Brunnea, nitida; antennis parum compressis; prothorace in medio antico leviter anguloso, basi recte truncato, angulis fere rectis, vufescente, macula discoidali antice dilatata nigra; scutello piceo; elytris brunneis, sutura et margine esterno tenuiter flavo limbatis; coxis et tibiis piceis; tribus ultimis ventris segmentis cereis, ultimo parvo, emarginato.

Long. 7—8 mm.

10. Lucidota misera sp. nov.

d. Nigra; antennis compressis, serratis; prothorace rotundato, antice attenuato, basi leviter arcuato, angulis retro productis, marginibus crebre et profunde punctatis, nigro, antice rufescente, disco duabus maculis oblongis miniatis ornato; elytris brunneis, margine externo anguste flavo, ante apicem desinente; penultimo ventrali segmento puncto medio lucido ornato, ultimo breviter producto.

Long. 6:5 mm,

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11. Phengodes uruguayensis Berg. Perg, Soc. Ent. Fr. 1886, p. lix. Un seul exemplaire (d), qui diffère légèrement du type par son prothorax entiérement noir, sans bordure flavescente.

12. Phengodes pallens Berg.

Berg, Soc. Cient. Argentina, 1885, p. 232.

Deux exemplaires (d) plus grands que le type que je possède ; les élytres sont un peu plus longues et arrivent à la hauteur du troisiéme segment abdominal.

M. Bohls a capturé en méme temps deux larves que je crois étre celles de ce Phengodes. En voici la description: Corps étroit, linéaire, d'un brun jaunátre brillant, hérissé de longs poils roux épars sur le thorax, plus denses sur l'abdomen ; yeux, mandibules, et palpes noirs; segments thoraciques légerement déprimés; abdomen cylindrique, composé de dix segments d'égale dimension, sauf le dixième, qui est beaucoup plus étroit, brun, et légèrement échancré à l'extrémité ; pattes courtes, massives.

Long. 13—14 mm.

13. Cratomorphus bifenestratus Gorh. Gorh , Ent. Soc. Lond. 1880, p. 34. 2 d. J'ai vu le type de cette espèce au Musée de Bruxelles. Le pygidium est fortement trilobé à lobe médian large, tronqué carrément; les latéraux, beaucoup plus courts et plus étroits, sont arrondis au sommet.

14. Aspidosoma fenestratum Bl.

Lampyris fenestrata Bl., Voy. d'Orb. p. 111. d ?. La taille de cette espèce est assez variable. Le type existe au Muséum

de Paris.

15. Aspidosoma lineatum Gyll. Lampyris lineata Gyll., Sch. Syn. Ins. App. p. 23.

Très commun au Brésil. Ce n'est qu'une variété de VA. hesperum de Linné, Olivier, Fabricius.

16. Aspidosoma sticticum Gemm. Aspidosoma sticticum Gemm., Col. Heft VI. 1870. Lampyris maculata Fabr., Oliv., Cast.

De Geer (1774) ayant déjà donné le nom de maculatum à une espèce d’Aspide- soma, M. Gemminger a du changer le nom de l'espèce de Fabricius, d’Olivier, ete.

17. Aspidosoma buyssoni Ern. Oliv.

Em. Oliv., Soc. Ent. Fr. 1888, p. 95, pl. 1, fig. 6. Décrit sur des exemplaires de ma collection et du Musée de Bruxelles provenant de la République Argentine.

(ET) 18. Aspidosoma lepidum Gorh. Gorh., Biol. Centr.-Amer. Malacod. p. 54. Plusieurs exemplaires légérement différents du type en ce que la bordure marginale des élytres est un peu plus longuement prolongée et les taches latérales du prothorax ne sont pas jointes à la médiane.

19. Aspidosoma bohlsi sp. nov.

Oblongum, piceum; prothorace subogivali, macula quadrata praescutellari migro et rufo variegata ; scutello triangulari, rufo; elytris prothorace vic latioribus, dein ampliatis, fuscis, margine externo late pallido, ventri voseo, d tribus ultimis segmentis cereis, 2 quinto macula mediana flava ornato.

Long. 8—8:9 mm.

Cette espèce ressemble beaucoup à une autre encore inédite (Aspidosoma meglectum Ern. Oliv.), qui fait partie de ma collection et provient du Brésil. Cette dernière diffère cependant essentiellement de A. bohlsi par son prothorax bien arrondi en avant, au lieu d’être atténué en ogive, par ses élytres chargées de trois côtes saillantes, à bordure marginale peu distincte, et par la poitrine et le ventre, sauf les

segments lumineux, bruns,

20. Photuris fruticola Motsch.

Telephoroides fruticola Motsch., Et. Ent. 1854, p. 60. Photuris trivialis Bohm., Eug. res. 1858, p. 77. Espèce très répandue au Brésil,

21. Photuris lividipennis Motsch.

Bicellonycha lividipennis Motsch., Et. Ent. 1854, p. 58. Aussi du Vénézuela et du Brésil.

22. Photuris signifera Kirsch.

Kirsch, Berl. Ent. Zeit. 1865, p. 78. Ern. Oliv., Soc. Ent. Fr. 1886, p. 243, pl. 3, fig. 16. C'est avec doute que je rapporte à cette espèce un unique individu (9?) en

mauvais état. 23. Photuris lurida Kirsch.

Kirsch, Berl. Ert. Zeit. 1865, p. 76. Ern. Oliv., Soc. Ent. Fr. 1886, p. 244, pl. 3, fig. 17. Aussi en Colombie.

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CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE ORNITHOLOGY OF THE PAPUAN ISLANDS.

Bx THE HON. WALTER ROTHSCHILD ano ERNST HARTERT.

(The work of these “contributions” is so divided that Walter Rothschild works out the families Paradiseidae, Ptilonorhynchidae, and Rallidae, while E. Hartert alone is responsible for the rest.)

I LIST OF THREE SMALL COLLECTIONS FROM BRITISH NEW GUINEA, MOSTLY BROUGHT TOGETHER IN THE OWEN STANLEY MOUNTAINS. (Plate I.)

NE of these collections was made by our collector Anthony in the Mailu District during the months of July and August; another in the Fafa District between Mounts Alexander and Bellamy, in elevations of from 5000 to 6000 feet, in October ; and the third consisted of some skins from high elevations in the Victoria District, which were purchased in London.

Anthony left Port Moresby for the first trip on June 12th, 1895, and reached Mailu after a very long and bad passage in a small boat. He started inland on July 6th, marehed about twenty-five miles through broken country towards Mount Dayman, formed a camp, and collected for two weeks. He then made another march of about twenty-five miles, and collected ten days. A third march of about ten miles brought him to the foot of the mountains, where he stopped five days, but found birds very searce, while insects were more abundant. He then ascended the top of the range, where he collected three days with very little suecess in birds. He wished to descend on the other side and to colleet on the north-eastern slopes, but the report of the murder of the Clarke Expedition so frightened the natives that they would not proceed. He therefore followed the range in a south-easterly direction and collected another three weeks, in very bad weather, rain pouring almost every day, while the hills were continually enveloped in fog. After these three weeks he pro- ceeded to Orangery Bay, where he reached the coast again in a place about twenty-five miles to the east from where he started inland, and collected a short time near the coast. Port Moresby was reached again early in September. All the birds were collected in July and August, some having exact dates, others not. All the birds from the second trip were collected in October, inland from Port Moresby, in what is called the Eafa district, between Mounts Alexander and Bellamy, in heights of about 5000 to 6000 feet. The collector says he could have reached higher elevations if his natives had not refused, but they declared they could not bear the cold, and the hill-tribes seemed not to know what to make of the party, as their district had not been visited before by strangers. Besides he seems to consider the time of the year unfavourable for shooting, and it rained * night and day."

No particulars could be obtained with regard to the few skins bought in London, but there were some very good things among them.

Craspedophora intercedens Sharpe, Jowrn. Linn. Soc. XVI. p. 444 (1882).

A series of males from Mailu and Eafa districts, The breast-shield varies in certain lights from metallic green to blue. The wings are 183—194 mm. long ; the bill very constant, varying in length only about 3 mm,

INOVITATES ZO

JG Keulerr

Jel eb Hitt

i

AMBLYOR

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INORI

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This species is at once distinguishable from C. magnifica of North-Western New Guinea by the base of the culmen being entirely hidden by the frontal feathers, which unite on each side, as properly remarked by Sharpe in his new Monograph of the Paradiseidae. The bill is also a little shorter, the breast-shield of a less metallic gloss, but these differences are trifling. Birds from German New Guinea (Con- stantinhafen, Simbang, and the Finisterre Mountains) are entirely similar to those from British New Guinea. W. R.

Drepanornis albertisii cervinicauda Scl., P. Z. S. 1883, p. 578.

Two females shot on July 19th and 21st, 1895, near Orangery Bay, and a good series of both sexes from the Eafa district. The iris is given as brown, feet grey, bill black. Dr. Sclater most appropriately called this bird, when he first named it, a subspecies, and bestowed upon it a trinomial. As such it must stand, the only obvious differences between the male of it and the Arfak bird being the lighter rump and tail; and the colour of the latter is by no means absolutely constant, neither in the darker nor in the paler species, though the former is always recog- nisable. The differences stated to exist in the colour of the crown and on the tips of the side-plumes are minute, and not quite constant in a large series. A constant difference in the length and thickness of the bill seems not to exist. The female of the Arfak bird is darker and more rufous above. All this seems not to indicate more than a well-marked subspecies, W.R.

Epimachus meyeri Finsch. Both sexes from the Eafa and Victoria districts.

Astrarchia stephaniae Finsch. Both sexes of this magnificent bird from the Eafa and Victoria districts. The femaies do not differ in structure from those of Astrapia nigra, but only in colour. The genus, therefore, is hardly of much value. W. R.

Paradisornis rudolphi Finseh & Meyer. Both sexes of this glorious bird from the Eafa district and Mount Victoria. In October males were in full plumage, while others had their long tail-feathers not developed and a female was in full moult. WER:

Paradisea raggiana Scl., P. Z. S. 1873, pp. 559, 697.

A fine series of adult males from the Mailu district, all very constant in colour, except that in two specimens the straw-yellow colour of the hind-neck extends much less down towards the back than usual. All are in full nuptial plumage, except one which has only short side-plumes and one which has none at all. The wing is mostly about 185 mm. long, the shortest being 183 and 181 mm. long, while a few have longer wings, i.e. 187, 190, and one even 194. W. R.

Cicinnurus regius (Linn.).

A large series of males and females from Mailu. Female: Eye brown, feet pale blue, beak yellow."

I have now before me in the Tring Museum many specimens of Cicinnurus regius, about thirty of them with exact localities, from Mailu and Nicura in

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British New Guinea, Simbang and Constantinhafen in German New Guinea, from Arfak, Salwatti, Mysol, and Aru Island, and I find that they are very constant on the whole, and have the forehead and the feathers on the bill light orange, quite different from the rest of the upperside. The specimens from Jobi Island differ obviously in having the short feathers on the bill produced farther towards the tip, thus leaving a smaller piece of the bill unfeathered, in having these feathers a little longer, much darker, and of the same colour as the back. These characters can be seen at a glance, and certainly are important enough to establish a subspecies upon. As there is a slight variation in the colour and extension of these parts, we may fairly expect that intermediate forms will occur, and therefore had better call the Jobi form a subspecies only, although my specimens are so obviously different. Salvadori was the first to notice the differences of Jobi specimens (Ornitologia Papuasia II. p. 650), and his seven specimens were evidently alike. A. B. Meyer (Zeitschr. f. ges. Ornithol. III. p. 36, 1886) also recognises the same characters as being peculiar to the Jobi Island specimens, and states that a Kafu skin showed the same peculiarity, but had a very yellowish red tail. Guillemard (P. Z. S. 1886, p. 656) also describes the Jobi bird as differing from the others, but the size of the supraocular spot and the violet tinge of the throat vary, and are therefore of no consequence. For the Jobi bird I propose the name of

Cicinnurus regius coccineifrons Rothsch., subsp. nov.

I may also mention that the one Aru skin I have is large, the wing longer than in any of my other specimens, the nasal plumes rather short and yellowish. Guillemard (P. Z. S. 1886, p. 656) mentions the same character, and therefore I should very much like to compare a series of specimens from Aru. WR.

Diphyllodes hunsteini Meyer.

A male in moult and two females from the Eafa district, which seem to belong to D. hunsteini Meyer. WAR.

Parotia lawesi Rams.

Of this excellent species I have received a large series from the Fafa district. The most important character to distinguish it from P. seapennis seems to me the

white frontal plumes on the top of the bill, extending right to the front. Between the two rows of white nasal plumes is a long upright crest of black feathers with a

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strong browny gloss, not hitherto recognised in any figure of this bird, and laid back in most of the skins seen by me, but standing up as in the accompanying figure in some of my new skins; and this is evidently its proper position, though the bird may be able to lay it back sometimes. W. R.

Lophorina minor Rams.

A fine series from the Eafa district, shot at elevations of about 5000 to 6000 feet. The males have the wing from 124 to 136, but mostly about 130—132, mm. in length, the tails from 89 to 100. The adult female has the wing about 112—118, mostly about 115. The young male is entirely similar to the female in colour, but can be

‘distinguished by its longer wing. The black feathers of the adult male begin to show at an early age in large patches above and below, and some black remiges and rectrices appear irregularly, but the feathers of the brilliant green breast-shield and the velvety mantle-plumes evidently come later.

This species was first described as L. superba minor, “but it must evidently stand as a good species. The male can be distinguished at a glance by the very conspicuous black centres to the upper feathers of the breast-shield. Besides this, the wing is shorter, the longest of the mantle-plumes are broader at their tips, and there are some more differences, as pointed out by Ramsay and Meyer (ef. Zeitschr. f. ges. Ornith. YI. p. 376, Pl. XVII. ; III. p. 180; Ibis, 1886, p. 244, ete.). The female differs entirely from that of L. superba in the colour of the upperside, and in having a broad superciliary line of whitish spots running towards the occiput. W. R.

Phonygama purpureoviolacea Meyer.

Three skins from the Eafa district, October 1895, 5000—6000 feet. Iris red, feet and bill black.” This is the finest of the known species of Phonygama. It inhabits the mountains of British New Guinea, while Ph. hunsteini Sharpe (= Ph. thomsoni Tristr.) lives in the D'Entrecasteaux Group, Ph. gouldi in Queensland, and Ph. keraudreni is said to occur all over New Guinea and the Aru Islands! I am much in want of good specimens of the last two species, with exact localities and dates.

The male is apparently larger than the female. W.R.

Manucodia atra (Less.).

Mailu district ; several specimens of both sexes. The males are considerably larger than the females. W. R.

Chlamydodera cerviniventris Gould. Mailu ; both sexes. Eye grey, feet brown, bill black.” The male seems to be distinctly larger than the female. W. R. Aeluroedus melanocephalus Ramsay. Typical skins from Mailu and Victoria districts.

Amblyornis inornata (Schleg.). A. macgregoriae de Vis. A. musgravianus Goodwin. I am sorry to say that I cannot any longer distinguish between A. inornata and A. macgregoriae (or A. musgravianus, as one may call it, both names being pub- lished in 1890).

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For a long time, from 1871 to 1894, no specimen of Amblyornis inornata with a crest was known, though Bruijn's hunters, D'Albertis, and others had brought many females and males out of the Arfak region. In 1884 Sharpe described the totally distinct A. subalaris, also from a female (or young male), without any sign of a crest, but soon afterwards Finsch & Meyer made us acquainted with the beautifully crested male. In 1890 the names of A. macgregoriae and A. musgravianus were given to crested males from the mountains of British New Guinea, but no specimens of that form reached Europe until this year. As late as 1894 a crested male of A. inornata was first made known by Meyer, and I have since acquired seven. Quite lately came, among some birds sent for sale to London from the Victoria district, two males which fully agreed with the description of A. macgregoriae (that of A. musgravianus being very incomplete and in general terms). They were very much like the Arfak birds, but the crest decidedly shorter, and the whole bird rather small. Comparing my specimen (the other is in the British Museum) with the series of A. inornata from Dutch New Guinea, I soon anticipated that they would probably be not more than subspecies. I was, therefore, not a little surprised when in the last collection from the Eafa district I found a beautiful male, with a crest fully as long as any of those from Arfak, and not different in size! I now give the measurements of the crested males at present in my collection in millimètres :—

| CREST. WING. | TAIL. TARSUS, | = TT. = | Rd | | | 1. d' ad. Arfak Region cn pet occ 06 95 137 | 96 35 [s E E 7 = E » | 2. d ad. Arfak Region ES ses 2: Ca 95 142 | 97 35 | | 3. d ad. Arfak Region 2 S. s e 94 136 95 35 M Eh | p | 4. gad. Arfak Region die 5S so cep 96 136 None. 36 5 a k : Not fully 2 A > » d apparently adult. Arfak Region developed. 135 95 36 6. a Joa y a i. g ad, Northern Co Coast pu ew Cue 86 140 96 35 7. 8 ad, Northern Con C Ue of Dutch New Guinea | 90 Pira n 91 36 8. gad. Mt. Victoria, Owen Stanley Mountains 85 | 132 | 90 24 9. d ad. Eafa District, between Mts. Alexander | 95 137 93 35 and Bellamy, 5-6000 feet. October 1895 \ e CU E à

On the di is no remarkable difference in colour between any of these, but beneath Nos. 1, 2, 4, 5, 6 are somewhat more rufous, and No. 7 is exactly between these and the paler ones, which are Nos. 3, 8, 9.

One more reason not to attach great importance to the length of crest in this Amblyornis is that it is not constant in A. subalaris.

Crestless specimens from Arfak (Bruijn coll.) have mostly shorter wings, and these are apparently females, while some, evidently young males, have the wings as

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long as the crested mules. The very different descriptions of the bowers” of the two supposed species are rather puzzling at present, and we should try to learn more about it, but if the birds cannot be distinguished our present knowledge of the differences in their bowers cannot constitute their distinctness. WE

Amblyornis subalaris Sharpe.

A series of beautiful males and females from Eafa and Victoria districts. The crest is 60 to 65 mm. long, but in one 70. In some skins it is pointed to a sharp angle, but in others not. This is apparently due to preparation. The females have the wing a little shorter.

The plate illustrates the differences of the three recognised species: A. inornata, A. subalaris, and A. flavifrons (see Nov. ZooL. IT. p. 480). W. R.

Loria mariae (de Vis).

One female from the Eafa district ; on the label: Eye grey-black, feet greenish, bill black.” This bird entirely agrees with the descriptions of Cnemophilus mariae 9 and Loria loriae Salvadori, but, as it has no wattles at the angle of the mouth, it would properly belong to L. mariae (de Vis). I, however, have a male from the Arfak region which exactly agrees with the male of De Vis's species, only the metallic sheen on the inner secondaries is slightly more greenish. In view of this wide distribution, which is the same as that of Amblyornis inornata, I cannot at present believe that Loria loriae and Loria mariae are really two different species. W. R.

Oriolus striatus Quoy & Gaim.

Three skins from Mailu. Iris dark red, bill red, feet bluish.

Mino dumonti Less.

+ ad. One skin from Mailu. Eye, feet, beak yellow." Wing 143 mm.

Calornis metallica (Temm.). ? ad. Mailu. Iris red. Wing 104 mm.

Paramythia montium de Vis.

Mount Victoria; one perfect skin, not sexed. Another in the British Museum, Sclater has given an admirable figure by Keulemans in the /bis of this marvellous bird. He there proposed, under reserve, to create a new family Paramythidae for this bird, chiefly for the reasons that the covering of the tarsus differed from that of the Sturnidae (under which family it was classed by its first describer) and that it seemed to him (judging from an imperfect wing) that there was no first primary, or, better said, that it had only nine primaries. It is true that the tarsus, with the exception of its lowest part, is covered by an unbroken lamina, while it is covered throughout with a number of very distinct scales in the Sturnidae, and the tarsus and toes are very slender in comparison with those of the Sturnidae. On the wing, however, I find that the first primary is not quite absent, though very much reduced. It is stiff and narrow, about 8 or 9 mm, long, and certainly not “functionary " as a flight-feather. Nevertheless it is there, and the difference between it and the first (or tenth, as it is called by some authors) primary of Sturnus vulgaris, where it is about 15 mm. long, is less than that between Sturnus vulgaris and Lamprocolius

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phoenicopterus, where it is about 32 mm. long, though both the latter are recognised as Sturnidae. How uncertain the length of the first primary as a family character is, may be seen by comparing it, for example, in Pholidauges verreauxi (14 mm.), Calornis metallica (14 mm.), Streptocitta torquata (19 mm.), Acridotheres tristis (25 mm.), Gracula robusta (40 mm.), Gracula javanica (31 mm.), Mino dumonti (30 mm.), Basilornis (25 mm.), and others, as well as comparing different species and genera of Alaudidae. I was rather surprised to find that in the so-called nine- quilled (or rather, nine-primaried!) Passeres the